Posts Tagged ‘home loan’

CFED’s Doug Ryan Sounds off on Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) Report on Manufactured Housing and MH Financing

October 4th, 2014 No comments

cfed-logo-posted-industry-voices-guest-blog-mhpronews-com-.gifThe CFPB report supports what CFED and other nonprofit organizations have said in recent years:  Manufactured Home loan borrowers are vulnerable to expensive products and are often not well-served by the current financing market due to the lack of competition, lack of liquidity and the costs of the loans.

I have no doubt, as the Bureau reported, that many borrowers of chattel products could have qualified for traditional, less expensive mortgages but did not get the chance simply because they were not offered or made aware of the options. Indeed, one clear way to address this issue would be for industry to support titling reform that would give families the option to title their homes as real estate and the opportunity to access real estate loans.

The report supports, quite explicitly, the need for the Bureau’s current rules to remain in place and enforced. As the Bureau wrote, “the manufactured housing borrowers being charged interest rates or upfront fees above the HOEPA thresholds are the very populations that HOEPA is designed to protect."

I also believe that this report, and related efforts by industry and CFED and its nonprofit partners, offers an opportunity to develop new loan products, expand the pool of lenders and, ultimately, lower the costs of borrowing.

CFED absolutely believes manufactured housing must be part of the affordable housing solution in communities across the US. Far too many advocates and policy makers are unaware of the quality and aesthetic appeal of manufactured homes. There is no doubt industry has made great strides to modernize the energy efficiency, the design and the value of the homes. Quite simply, the CFPB’s report underscores the need for the financing to be modernized, as well. ##


Doug Ryan



Related Links:

1) – MHI's Response to CFPB's Report (Note, the MHI link includes the full CFPB report as a free download)

2) – MHARR's Response to RV legislation and CFPB's Report on Manufactured Housing

3) – CFPB Report on Manufactured Housing Signals Areas of Future Concern

4) – Manufactured Housing Institute Responds to Doug Ryan-CFED commentary on CFPB report on Manufactured Housing Finance

(Image credit: Corporation for Enterprise Development (CFED logo.)

(Editor's Note: As with any opinion column, the views expressed by Mr. Ryan are his own and/or those of the organization he works for, and should not be construed to be the views of MHProNews or our sponsors. Other viewpoints on this or other industry topics are encouraged.

MHProNews plans an Industry in Focus Report using extensive comments from a range of industry professionals on this topic. Watch for it mid-week at the news/reports module link above!)

MHI 2013 Annual Meeting Recap

October 10th, 2013 No comments

IMHA Executive Director Mark Bowersox attended the Manufactured Housing Institute’s (MHI) annual meeting held September 28 – October 1 in Carlsbad, CA. As with most recent industry meetings, speakers and conversations at the event were focused on the impact of the Dodd-Frank consumer protection legislation and reforming the CFPB’s upcoming regulations. MHI and other industry representatives continue to work with the CFBP on three key areas:

Exemption for manufactured housing appraisal requirements

Based on the most recent rules issued by the CFPB loans on all new manufactured homes, regardless of whether or not they included land, are exempt from the appraisal requirement. Loans on existing manufactured homes, not including land, are also exempt from the appraisal requirements. Additionally, all mobile homes (pre-HUD code) home loans are exempt. The CFPB’s rule solidifying these exemptions is still pending. When finalized the rule will go into effect in January.

Key rule clarifications and exclusions

Loan originator compensation guidelines issued by the CFPB this summer provide the industry with key exclusions from the points and fees calculation that lenders must perform and clarifies certain activities that retail sales staff can engage in without being defined as loan originators.

Manufactured home sales price is excluded from the points and fees definition and does not have to be included in calculations performed by lenders unless a creditor has knowledge that the sales price includes compensation for loan origination activities.


Retail sales commissions paid to employees is excluded from points and fees calculation requirements unless the salesperson is receiving compensation from a lender for loan origination activities.

According to MHI, activities that do not classify a retailer or its sales personnel as loan originators include:

  • Providing or making available general information about creditors and loan originators that may offer financing for manufactured housing
  • Gathering or collecting supporting information or documentation on behalf of a consumer for inclusion in a credit application
  • Providing general credit application instructions so that a consumer can complete it themselves
  • Financing the sale of no more than three homes in a year.

Activities that will make a retail employee be considered a loan originator include:

  • Filling out a credit application for a customer
  • Discussing particular credit terms with a customer
  • Directing or influencing a customer to select a particular lender or creditor

MHI continues to seek from the CFPB to provide further clarification on what activities retailers can engage in without being defined as loan originators.

MHI is still working with the CFPB and various consumer interest groups on the need to revise the upcoming High Cost Mortgage Loan triggers for manufactured home loans. IMHA will continue to be engaged on this issue, along with MHI and other interested parties. ## Bowersox
Executive Director
Indiana Manufactured Housing Association
Recreation Vehicle Indiana Council
3210 Rand Road
Indianapolis, IN  46241

(Editor's Note: You can find more info on the LO Comp Rule and HOEPA from DJ Pendelton's article published in the Industry In Focus Reports module, linked here.


You can also find Mark Bowersox's “It's Now or Never” featured article, linked here. )

Finance Delays Continue as Consumers and Industry Suffer

March 3rd, 2010 No comments

It is now nearing the two year mark since Congress enacted major FHA Title I manufactured housing program improvements and the “duty to serve underserved markets” (DTS) mandate as part of the Housing and Economic Recovery Act of 2008 (HERA). And while FHA and the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA) have both taken steps toward implementing these badly needed initiatives to revive and expand the availability of public and private financing for manufactured home purchases, the fact remains that neither is yet in place. As a result, consumer purchase money financing for manufactured homes continues to be virtually unobtainable.

As industry members, consumers and, to a growing degree, Congress, are already aware, the near absence of consumer financing for HUD-regulated manufactured homes has had a devastating impact on both the industry and the lower and moderate-income American families that rely on manufactured housing as a key source of affordable, nonsubsidized home ownership. Since the enactment of HERA, this decline has only accelerated, bringing industry production in 2009 to an historic low, below 50,000 homes. This represents significant hardship for lower and moderate-income consumers and has resulted in the widespread closing of industry businesses and related job losses. In particular, this has impacted the industry’s smaller and medium-sized businesses that have traditionally relied on independent sources (i.e., non-captive or related corporate entity) of capital to finance consumer purchases. All the while, retailers report that they have customers who are willing and anxious to buy manufactured homes, but cannot obtain either private or publicly-supported FHA purchase loans.

In light of these unprecedented hardships, it is essential that real and substantive progress in expanding the availability of both public and private consumer financing, as mandated by Congress, be an urgent priority for HUD, FHA, FHFA, the GSEs and every other relevant arm of the federal government — to be achieved as quickly as possible. Accordingly, while FHA has issued Mortgagee Letters regarding the HERA manufactured housing program improvements, it needs to publish a final Title I rule so that the Ginnie Mae moratorium on the securitization of new manufactured housing loan can finally be lifted.

Similarly, while FHFA deserves credit for taking initial steps toward rulemaking to implement DTS, time remains of the essence for the industry and its consumers. With a steadily growing number of business failures and bankruptcies among manufacturers, retailers, communities and others — stemming largely from the unavailability of private consumer financing – the more favorable financing climate that DTS would promote and provide is urgently needed to ensure the survival of the industry and the supply of decent, affordable, non-subsidized housing for Americans at all income levels. And let there be no mistake, continuing and even intensified industry pressure will be needed to advance DTS in a form that would actually benefit the industry and the consumers it serves, as both GSEs made it quite clear in their DTS comments that they will seek to water down DTS as much as possible and delay its full implementation for as long as possible.

Beyond the HERA based Title I improvements and DTS, however, there are other avenues — that have been suggested by MHARR and its finance advisors — through which relevant federal agencies and the GSEs could quickly assist the industry and the consumers of affordable housing that it serves, without going through a long and tortuous process.

First, as MHARR suggested and explained in its September 1, 2009 DTS comments, the GSEs should — on an expedited basis – be authorized to securitize FHA Title I manufactured housing loans. At present, the GSEs securitize only FHA Title I1 manufactured housing loans. FHA Title I loans have historically been securitized by Ginnie Mae, but that agency, in the absence of a final rule to implement Title I program changes mandated by HERA, has imposed a moratorium on the securitization of Title I loans. An extension of the GSEs’ securitization authority to FHA Title I loans would help to alleviate the unnecessary constraints that have been placed on the manufactured housing finance market – even after the Ginnie Mae moratorium is ultimately lifted — and would be consistent with Congress’ strong support for strengthened and expanded manufactured home lending, as illustrated both by the duty to serve and by HEM’S increased FHA manufactured housing loan limits.

Second, because affordable manufactured housing serves a market comprised largely of lower and moderate-income Americans, most purchasers do not have — and in today’s economic conditions, cannot obtain – the cash necessary for a 20% down payment. This effectively excludes them from the manufactured housing market due to the unavailability of private mortgage insurance (PMI) in the wake of the recession. Fannie Mae, however, has given some indication that it believes it has the authority and ability, under its Charter, to self-insure manufactured housing transactions with a greater than 80- 20 loan-to-value ratio, thus obviating the need for PMI. MHARR has supported and encouraged such an initiative, and is continuing to explore this further while urging the federal government to expeditiously take the steps necessary to authorize both GSEs to self-insure such obligations.

Obviously, in addition to these steps, all relevant federal agencies and related organizations, such as the GSEs, should immediately consider – and should be encouraged and pressed by the industry to consider – other and further means, either temporary or permanent, to restore and expand the availability of private financing for manufactured housing consumers.

In MHARR’s view, with the access to virtually all types of financing — both public and private – now effectively controlled by federal entities, the industry in Washington, D.C. (in addition to reform of the federal program) should be concentrating on pressing those entities to comply with the financing improvements legislated by Congress in HERA, as quickly as possible, rather than side-tracking limited industry resources and political capital to other less critical matters.

MHARR is a Washington D.C.-based national trade association representing the views and interests of producers of federally-regulated manufactured housing.