Posts Tagged ‘manufactured’

City Adopts Manufactured Housing Ordinance, Terminology Matters

April 10th, 2017 Comments off

Credit: Wisconsin Department of Safety Professional Services.

In Groesbeck, Texas the city council passed an ordinance that makes a distinction between manufactured and mobile homes.

According to the Groesbeck Journal, the passing of the ordinance reflects the members’ consensus from a workshop on the subject that they held in early March.

As informed veteran manufactured housing professionals and enthusiasts know, HUD Code manufactured homes that are properly installed and maintained have a similar life expectancy as conventional housing. Any housing that is not, for whatever reason, properly maintained tends to fall into disrepair and can deteriorate more rapidly, and thus, shorten its useful life expectancy.


Credit: Best Places to Live.

By contrast, pre-HUD Code mobile homes were not routinely built to those same standards. Even so, millions of mobile homes have gone years beyond their projected useful life expectancy.

The council said that the distinction between the two are important, because the term “mobile home” is often used in common parlance to refer to manufactured homes built before and after the defining 1976 date.

The city’s ongoing efforts to regulate manufactured housing have caused some people to believe the city is prohibiting all manufactured housing, regardless of age.


Terminology Matters 

In a recent story from the Daily Business News about mobile and manufactured home myths and facts, we shined a bright light on the differences between mobile and manufactured homes, and why terminology matters.


Chief Mark Keller. Official Photo.

This fire involved a true mobile home and was not a manufactured home. I do not have the age of the mobile home available right now,” Urbana Fire Chief Mark Keller told MHProNews.

Mobile homes are inherently bad with fire conditions. They’re not really designed to withhold any kind of fire.”

As an Industry, we are always saddened to hear of such tragedies such as the fire that occurred in Champaign County,” said Andrea Reichman, Assistant Director of the Ohio Manufactured Homes Association (OMHA).


Andrea Reichman. Credit: LinkedIn.

As noted by the local Fire Chief Mark Keller, the home involved was a ‘mobile home,’ which indicates the home was built prior to the 1976 HUD Code Federal Manufactured Home Construction and Safety Standards,” Reichman said.

Often times such incidents are reported inaccurately, and facilitate the image that manufactured homes are not safe when nothing could be further from the truth.  Manufactured homes are no more prone to fire than homes built on-site. The 1986 national fire safety study by the Foremost Insurance Company showed that site-built homes are more than twice as likely to experience a fire than manufactured homes,” said Reichman.

The issue in Ohio points to a larger trend that’s happening nationally, and one industry organization cites frustration with “sloppy journalism.”


M. Mark Weiss. Credit: MHProNews.

While any harm to people or property is regrettable, there is no excuse for sloppy journalism that can harm the industry and consumers. The fact is that today’s federally regulated manufactured homes are as safe or safer than other types of homes when it comes to fire, as shown by research done by the National Fire Protection Association on multiple fire safety metrics,” said M. Mark Weiss, JD, President CEO of the Manufactured Housing Association for Regulatory Reform (MHARR).

It is therefore misleading and a disservice to readers to fail to distinguish between pre-1976 ‘mobile homes,’ said Weiss“and today’s manufactured homes. This is why MHARR successfully demanded several years ago that the U.S. Fire Administration remove similarly misleading language from it’s website. 

The industry and consumers need to insist on an accurate media portrayal of today’s high-quality manufactured homes,” said Weiss.


Credit: MHLivingNews.

For more on from the NFPA report on fire safety of modern manufactured home compared to conventional housing and mobile homes, click here. ##


(Image credits are as shown above.)



RC Williams, for Daily Business News, MHProNews.

Submitted by RC Williams to the Daily Business News for MHProNews.

Town Amends Manufactured Home Ordinance

April 9th, 2017 Comments off

A home in McCrory, Arkansas. Credit: Realtor.

In McCrory, Arkansas, manufactured home residents were faced with an incredibly difficult situation.

According to the Arkansas Democrat-Gazette, officials in the city passed an ordinance that placed a ban on manufactured homes that were worth less than $7,500. If owners were non-compliant, they faced fines of up to $500 per day.

Residents David Watlington and Lindsey Hollaway decided to take action. The couple lives below the federal poverty line.

They sued the city of McCrory and its Police Chief, Paul Hatch, saying that the city “can banish some of its poorest residents simply because they are poor.”

The 31-page complaint says that the city ordered them to leave because they cannot afford a more expensive home and that this banishment is a “drastic punishment” that essentially criminalizes poverty and is forbidden by the Arkansas State Constitution.

The Ordinance contains no defense based on non-willfulness and no mens rea [intention or knowledge of wrongdoing] or intent requirement, meaning that simply being too poor to afford a more expensive home is sufficient for a violation,” the complaint stated.

Further, the lawsuit alleges the defendants’ order does not stem from any legitimate government interest and, despite listing four justifications for its passage (relief of overcrowding, promotion of orderly growth, health, and notification to builders), includes no justification for the wealth-based provision.”

McCrory, red marker. Credit: Google.

The complaint also stated that even if the ordinance’s authorizations were indeed civil, the law would still lack sufficient process to deprive violators of their protected property rights.

Within a few days of the lawsuit being filed, the city amended an ordinance to remove the ban, and an attorney for the city intends to ask a judge to dismiss the lawsuit in light of the ordinance’s amendment.

Equal Justice Under Law, a Washington, D.C. based group who helped to file the lawsuit, allege that the city’s intentions weren’t necessarily pure.

Defendants are hurriedly rushing to amend their Ordinance, not because they concede it is unconstitutional, but because they wish to evade any preliminary order from this Court.”

Federal Judge Price Marshall ruled that the request for a restraining order against the ordinance was moot because the city had promised not to enforce the ordinance.


(Image credits are as shown above.)



RC Williams, for Daily Business News, MHProNews.

Submitted by RC Williams to the Daily Business News for MHProNews.

California Dreamin’ – Another Manufactured Home Community Under Siege

April 7th, 2017 Comments off

Credit: Google.

In the Little Saigon area of Westminster, California, the Green Lantern Village & Mobile Home community has served as an affordable beacon, including veterans of the Vietnam War.

Now, its days may be numbered.

According to the LA Times, property owner Walsh Properties LLC informed residents last week about plans to apply for a new land use permit that would allow for development. About 100 residents filled the community’s clubhouse to learn more about the plans.

Then they got a surprise.

Residents say they were told that the property was already in escrow in preparation for its sale, and that they may be forced to move out by early 2018, once the owner complies with local and state regulations, including holding a public hearing and providing services to residents.

I feel frozen. I can’t think,” said resident Mai Luu. She moved into the community in 1989.

We were refugees. We will be adrift again.”

Eighty percent of the community’s residents are Vietnamese-American, and say they would be priced out of the Orange County housing market.


A home in the community. Credit: Homes.

Ross Bartlett, a member of the family that owns the community, was in attendance at the meeting, along with staff from Overland, Pacific & Cutler Inc., an Irvine-based relocation specialist. The company will interview each family to document their moving needs before submitting a report to the city.

Our family has been considering selling the property for the past decade,” said Bartlett.

My grandfather bought the property at the end of World War II. In order to continue to operate, we would have to rip up roads inside the park and lay new electrical, water and sewer lines on the property at an estimated cost of $3 million, which the family cannot afford.”


Credit: Google.

For some residents, the idea that this had been a decade-long thought process did not sit well.

I feel betrayed,” said resident David Griffin.

They intended to sell the whole time — so why bother to have us together today? If they don’t give me fair market value for what I have, I don’t know what I will do.”

Resident Nghia Bui says that he does have a plan.

“I plan to stage a protest as the permit process winds it way though City Hall,” said Bui, who created a flyer, advising immigrant residents of what to say in protest: “We are old; we are poor. Changing the land is changing my living. Please don’t.

No one wants to leave here,” said resident Son Do. “New people moved in just months ago, others just a few years ago. What choices do they have? How does anyone find a safe and affordable place in Orange County?

As residents wait for the next steps, some say their stress levels are higher than ever.

We can’t sleep,” said resident Nhi Tran.

In my mind, I’m thinking: What about my job? What about finding a new school? But we are young — we worry for the older people. They have no place to go, no one to turn to.”

MH Industry Perspectives On Like Issues 

As this scenario continues to play out in the U.S. and Canada, the thoughts shared by ROC USA President Paul Bradley are relevant.


paul bradley roc usa founder cedit

Paul Bradley. photo credit: Fosters.

How can we promote homeownership and sell new homes on leased land and at the same time close communities?” Bradley questioned.

It’s like selling tickets to a zoo where ‘only 1 in a 100 are eaten by the lions!’”

One way to address this is to segment true homeownership land lease communities and differentiate it from traditional ‘parks’ where closure remains a risk, not a certainty but a risk.

Georgia Manufactured Housing Association’s Jay Hamilton sees it differently.

One of the biggest reasons that a Manufactured Home Community Owner sells his property is that over time property taxes increase four and five-fold.  But the owner can’t economically escalate the lot rent quick enough to keep up.  Or the resident could not afford to live there if they did,” said Hamilton.


Jay Hamilton, Executive Director, Georgia Manufactured Housing Association.

As communities become surrounded and engulfed by restaurants, Hilton Hotels, stadiums, big box stores, airports, residential and commercial developments – property taxes begin exceeding the total revenue from renting spaces.” ##

(Image credits are as shown above.)

(Publisher’s note: The content following “MH Industry Perspectives On Like Issues” was added on 4.12.2017 for clarity, based upon industry reader feedback, which we hereby thank those who suggested that was useful for this article to enhance the balance of the narrative.)


RC Williams, for Daily Business News, MHProNews.

Submitted by RC Williams to the Daily Business News for MHProNews.

Affordable Home Inventory Crisis – Manufactured Housing Center Stage?

April 7th, 2017 Comments off

Credit: NAHB.

New information from the National Association of Homebuilders (NAHB), shows that an elevation in home values, triggered by tight inventory conditions across all housing categories is contributing to growth in high priced home sales.

While this category grows, a more ominous sign is on the horizon.

According to Construction Dive, student debt, slow wage growth and high rents are making it difficult for younger buyers, who typically purchase lower-priced homes, to save enough for a down payment.

Additionally, information from Trulia shows that entry level housing inventory continues to contract, with supplies falling 8.7 percent in the first quarter of 2017, while the median list prices for homes as up 8.3 percent.

With existing homeowners appearing to be slower to move up to a larger home, and in turn opening up their smaller properties for first time homebuyers, some larger site built home companies are working to fill the inventory gap. Meritage, D.R. Horton and Toll Brothers have all announced entry-level home plans with smaller footprints and fewer amenities to help reduce the cost of building at such a low price-point.

According to the latest NAHB/Wells Fargo Housing Market Index, homebuilders remain optimistic for continued demand for single-family home construction, which has been trending up since the beginning of 2015.


The new Champion plant in Benton, KY. Credit: Woodworking Network.


Does Manufactured Housing Take Center Stage?

The Daily Business NewsMHProNews and MHLivingNews have covered the case for manufactured housing as a viable solution to hope for the American Dream of home ownership at a reasonable price extensively, including Bloomberg making a statement to the same effect.

The ability to significantly cut down on production time, provide a high quality product to federal standards, all at a lower price point serves as the ideal solution to inventory and housing challenges. The titans of business recognize the opportunity as well, as giants and independents alike are actually “doubling down” on the industry.

Sam Zell. Credit: WSJ.

ELS Chairman Sam Zell has been famously quoted as correcting misconceptions about the industry, saying during this interview, “Everyone calls them trailer parks. Pencil head, it’s not a trailer park.

For more on manufactured housing being the solution that’s hiding in plain sight, see MHProNews and MHLivingNews Publisher L.A. “Tony” Kovach’s insight into the opportunity linked here. ##


(Image credits are as shown above.)



RC Williams, for Daily Business News, MHProNews.

Submitted by RC Williams to the Daily Business News for MHProNews

Stinking Up the Place: Manufactured Home Community Issues

April 6th, 2017 Comments off

The Ortega Village Community. Credit: MHVillage.

In Jacksonville, Florida, residents of the Ortega Village community say that they are tired… of the smell.

But it turns out that some residents may be causing the issue.

Per First Coast News, behind an attractive entrance to the community, lies a smelly, and potentially hazardous problem.

Sewer lines continue to back up at Ortega Village, and according to at least one resident, it’s been an ongoing issue.

It is disgusting and it has been going on too long,” said resident Kameelah Haywood.

I’ve been here a year and it has probably been five times where we have had sewage backed up into my toilet, and into the tub.”

The community, operated by Michigan Based RHP Properties and Bayshore Home Sales, has managed to identify the problem in a recent letter to residents.

We are experiencing high volume of sewer back up due to non- flushable items…. Socks, Shirts, Baby Wipes, golf balls, grease.”


One of the backups. Credit: First Coast News.

Haywood says that in past instances, plumbers would come out to fix the problem, but that the fixes were temporary, as the backups would happen shortly afterwards. She also can’t figure out why the non-flushable items would affect her.

I’m not putting any of those things down the drain so why would I have that problem? asked Haywood.

It is my neighbor and the other neighbor, it is three of (them) that I know of.”

Residents say that the backups happen so often, they have to remove the sewer clean out cap to get the stench and sewage out of their homes. They also believe that they know what the issue is – the community’s lift station, which moves wastewater from lower to higher elevations.


An unrelated lift station. Credit: Pollution Control Systems.

Haywood, who pays $650 a month in rent, says that she just wants the problem solved.

I feel it is their problem they should take care of it,” said Haywood.

Put me in another trailer [sic] or take care of the problem permanently.”

The Daily Business News recently has reached out to RHP Properties for comment and will update this story accordingly.

For more on sewage related challenges for manufactured home communities, including the case of Elmwood Mobile Manor in Puyallup, Washington dealing with the effects of flooding from a new community development, click here. ##


(Image credits are as shown above.)



RC Williams, for Daily Business News, MHProNews.

Submitted by RC Williams to the Daily Business News for MHProNews.

State Program to Replace Older Manufactured Homes

April 5th, 2017 Comments off

An unrelated manufactured home. Credit: Catskill Valley Homes.

Help is on the way for manufactured home owners in need in the Catskills of New York State.

According to The Daily Mail, the Catskill Mountain Housing Development Corporation received $400,000 to replace a dozen dilapidated manufactured or mobile homes, from the Mobile Manufactured Home Replacement Pilot Program.

The nonprofit organization was one of five in the state to receive the award last week.

Older homes replaced by the organization will be replaced with new, energy efficient, manufactured or modular homes.

This is the first time the state has made funding available to help replace manufactured homes,” said Lawrence Krajeski, Executive Director of the Catskill Mountain Housing Development Corporation

We have already received three inquiries about the program.


Credit: Daily Mail.

Krajeski says that the state originally decided to create a separate fund for manufactured homes last year.

Prior to that we applied to the state for federal home funds and received grants from the Affordable Housing Corporation. Last year, with $700,000 we were able to replace eight homes.”

State Senator Elizabeth “Betty” Little, R-Plattsburgh, made a big push for the funding to be included in last year’s state budget.


Senator Little. Official Photo.

Not only will this program help address the problem of unsafe and inadequate mobile and manufactured homes, it will provide a boost with some new local building activity,” said Little.

The end result will be higher quality homes that last longer and are much more energy efficient.

To qualify, applicants have to be from Greene County and own their home as well as the property on which it sits. The home must be considered in poor condition, and the household income must fall below 50 percent of the area median income.

We knew there are many more applicants than we had space in the program, but we are hoping next year’s budget will include additional funding,” said Dan MacEntee, a spokesman for Senator Little.

To apply for the program, manufactured homeowners can call the Catskill Mountain Housing Development Corporation at 518-943-6700.

The Daily Business News recently covered NYS Homes and Community Renewal and their announcement of a $2 million pilot program to address the needs with numerous pre-HUD Code mobile homes as well as older manufactured homes in disrepair to preserve an important source of affordable housing in New York. That story is linked here. ##


(Image credits are as shown above.)



RC Williams, for Daily Business News, MHProNews.

Submitted by RC Williams to the Daily Business News for MHProNews.

Do Potential HUD Program Cuts Mean Opportunity for Manufactured Housing?

April 5th, 2017 Comments off

DoPotentialHUDProgramCutsMeanOpportunityforManufacturedHousing-postedtothedailybusinessnewsmhpronewsmhlivingnewsAs the Trump Administration continues to move forward with making government more efficient, a number of proposed cuts, including funding to National Public Radio (NPR) and the Corporation for Public Broadcasting (CPB), a very clear message is being sent: Serve the public interest in an efficient, businesslike and honest manner.

Interestingly, an area that could be potentially impacted is one that’s of great interest to the manufactured housing industry: the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD).

And, that impact could be significant.

The full story is on MHLivingNews, linked here. ##


(Image credits are as shown above.)



RC Williams, for Daily Business News, MHProNews.

Submitted by RC Williams to the Daily Business News for MHProNews

HUD Code Manufactured Home Production Double-Digit Growth, February Report

April 5th, 2017 Comments off

Credits: MHARR, HUD.

Washington, D.C., April 4, 2017 – The Manufactured Housing Association for Regulatory Reform (MHARR) tells MHProNews that, according to official statistics compiled on behalf of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), year-over-year manufactured housing industry production increased substantially again during February 2017.

These just-released statistics indicate that HUD Code manufacturers produced 7,312 homes in February 2017, a 19.3 percent increase over the 6,129 HUD Code homes produced during February 2016. Cumulative industry production for 2017 now totals 15,139 homes, a 26.2 percent increase over the 11,991 HUD Code homes produced over the same period in 2016.

A further analysis of the official industry statistics shows that the top ten shipment states from the beginning of the industry production rebound in August 2011 through February 2017 — with cumulative, monthly, current year (2017) and prior year (2016) shipments per category as indicated — are:


Credit: MHARR.

The latest information for February 2017 results in no changes to the cumulative top ten list.

MHARR recently released its first edition of “Issues and Perspectives,” a newsletter that focuses on items relevant to the manufactured housing industry.M.Mark.WeissJDPresidentCEOMHARRManufacturedHousingAssociationforRegulatorReform-creditManufacturedHousingIndustryDailyBusinessNewsMHProNews

The edition of the newsletter addressed the need for manufactured housing to remain federally regulated, with MHARR President & CEO Mark Weiss stating, “In the natural world, the telltale scent of decay inevitably attracts predators and opportunists. Apparently, it’s no different with the decay of the HUD manufactured housing program over the past decade, and particularly over the past three years.

With the program in a steep decline under its present Administrator, talk has once again emerged about ‘sunsetting’ the program at HUD, along with its federally preemptive building code, removing this expenditure from the federal budget.”


For more from MHARR on the newsletter, click here. ##


(Image credits are as shown above.)



RC Williams, for Daily Business News, MHProNews.

Submitted by RC Williams to the Daily Business News for MHProNews.

Manufactured Home Community Suffers Setback

April 3rd, 2017 Comments off

Resident Jim Ott reviews damage. Credit: News Tribune.

In Puyallup, Washington, the stereotypes surrounding manufactured versus site built housing are playing out in a less than ideal way.

Literally, it stinks.

Residents of Elmwood Mobile Manor watched a new neighborhood come together, dubbed Stewart Crossing, and they thought it would be a great addition. Little did they know that it would create major issues with water.

According to the News Tribune, residents say that, due to federal flood-prevention requirements, the developer of Stewart Crossing raised the ground level between three and four feet. Now the community is the lowest spot in the immediate neighborhood and it threatens to make their homes uninhabitable.

Due to the raising, several homes’ septic systems have failed, drinking water may be contaminated and areas flood when it rains.

For Jesus Arvilla’s and his family, it’s coming to them using a porta-potty because their septic tank failed.

Every time they pumped it, it would fill with water five minutes later,” said Arvilla.


Jesus Arvilla outside of his home. Credit: News Tribune.

When we want to take a shower, we have to go to my auntie’s house.”

That water has largely saturated the community’s septic system drain fields, and filled some septic tanks. That means that sewage has no place to go.

They elevated the land all around us,” said resident Eli Berniker. “Because they elevated it, the water in our park [sic] is raised. And it’s causing a problem with our septic tanks because they can’t drain properly.

Residents say that they have spent more than $80,000 trying to solve the problem, by creating a new drainage mound on what was formerly the park’s guest parking lot. That system handles the sewage from two homes and possibly has capacity for a third. But the community has no money and no land to expand the new system.

Other neighbors of the Stewart Crossing development have also complained, and took those complaints to a city council meeting last week.

We all know we have a problem,” said David Toomey, owner of Toomey Auto Electric.

I have two questions: What the hell are you going to do about it? And how soon are you going to do it?

The council removed the approval of the Stewart Crossing plats from the agenda and asked the city’s engineers to come up with a solution.

Kurt Wilson, owner of Stewart Crossing, said that he is sympathetic to Elmwood residents and would work with them to solve the problem. Wilson also believes that exceptionally heavy rains have not helped.

Twelve months’ worth of rain in four months,” said Wilson.

The park’s [sic] septic systems are old and don’t meet modern codes. Stewart Crossing has followed city rules to the letter.


Lance Gauthum pumps a septic tank at Elmwood, while talking to Jim Ott. Credit: New Tribune.

Puyallup Mayor John Hopkins said that the city, residents and developer are all working hard on a solution, which includes bringing in a specialist.

Our engineers aren’t groundwater experts, so we’re asking an expert to tell us what’s wrong,” said Hopkins.

Wilson and the city worked last weekend to pump out residents’ septic tanks in an effort to buy time.

One of those septic systems, which served two homes, failed during the pumping.

Elmwood resident James Ott summed up the situation.

We’re being run out of town without a gun,” said Ott.We need to put our thinking caps on now how to fix this solution.” ##


(Image credits are as shown above.)



RC Williams, for Daily Business News, MHProNews.

Submitted by RC Williams to the Daily Business News for MHProNews.

Sunday Morning Weekly Recap Manufactured Housing Industry News March 26th 2017 to April 2nd 2017

April 2nd, 2017 Comments off

sunday-morning-weekly-manufactured-home-pro-news-recap-1-4-to-1-10-2015-mhpronews-com-Our theme for our April 2017 issue is: Manufactured Housing Industry Politics – Complicated Cross Currents, or April Fools?

These articles will go live on the home page on April 5th.

Manufactured, modular and prefabricated home professionals know that how a home got to its location should not define a person or their dwelling.



What the Daily Business News spotlights day-by-day are the tragedies, triumphs and struggles for acceptance of the obvious solution for millions for the growing affordable housing crisis in the U.S. and beyond.


When you read the lineup for the month found on the home page, you can reflect on another motto as you chart your own professional path ahead: “We Provide, You Decide.”  ©


What’s New On MHLivingNews


Triad Financial Services Introduces Superior Choice Credit Union to Manufactured Homes & Loans – Video


American Dreamers and HUD Secretary Dr. Ben Carson; How Millions Could Win by Enforcing the Law




What’s New On MHProNews


Saturday April 1st, 2017


Sam Zell Speaks: Wall Doesn’t Hurt at All


Friday March 31st, 2017


Patrick Soars, Manufactured Housing CV Rises, Broader Markets Down


April Fools? – MHVille Politics, 2017


City Residents Make Unexpected Moves – Opportunity for MH?


Cavco Reaches Terms on Key Acquisition


Michigan Manufactured Housing Association Announces Changes


Thursday March 30th 2017


Manufactured Home Owners Get Special Surprise


Skyline Rises, Manufactured Housing CV, Broader Markets Up


Manufactured Home Community, Residents, Face Uncertain Future


State Agency to Assist Low Income MH Residents


Manufactured Home Commission Under Fire, After Fire


Wednesday March 29th, 2017


Modular Housing Serves as Affordable Housing Solution


Patrick Up, Manufactured Housing CV Rises, Broader Markets Mixed


City Makes Decision on Manufactured Home Zoning


Potential Rent Control for Manufactured Home Communities


Manufactured Home Community Veterans Honored



Tuesday March 28th, 2017

Mayor “Gung Ho” About 12,000 Home Modular Project


AMG Soars, Manufactured Housing CV Slips, Broader Markets Roar Back


Town Decides on Manufactured Home Ordinance


Update: Manufactured Home Community Eviction


Manufactured Home Community Leases Gone Bad


Monday March 27th, 2017


Developers Turn to Modular in Housing Crisis


UMH Gains, Manufactured Housing CV Rises, Broader Markets Mixed


NIMBY, NIMBY, NIMBY – Residents Oppose MHC


Tunica Forecast—Terrific for Growth


City Invests in Manufactured Homes for Affordable Housing


All Eyes on Tunica for Manufactured Housing This Week



Sunday March 26th, 2017

Sunday Morning Weekly Recap Manufactured Housing Industry News March 19th 2017 to March 26th 2017


(Image credits are as shown above.)



RC Williams, for Daily Business News, MHProNews.

Submitted by RC Williams to the Daily Business News for MHProNews.